What causes Achilles Tendonitis?
Frequent straining due to overuse causes inflammation of the Achilles tendon. In rare cases, the strenuous activity may force the tendon to rupture. Increase in strenuous activity often leads to micro-injury to the fibres of the tendon. With ongoing strain on the tendon, the body can’t repair the injured tissue.
Most athletes will develop Achilles Tendonitis as athletes commonly put excessive stress on their feet and ankles as a rsult of chronic overuse. This overuse injury causes degeneration of the tendon and worsens the condition. Stiff calf muscle may also lead to Achilles Tendonitis. With growing age, our tendons degenerate and begin to suffer from wear and tear thus resulting in the weakening of the fibers within the tendon. Like any other tissue in the human body, the tendons tend to become rigid with enhanced susceptibility to injuries. So, middle-aged athletes are more prone to Achilles Tendonitis than young adults.
Two major causes of Achilles Tendonitis are inflexibility and over-pronation. People with extreme pronation tend to develop this medical disorder at a faster pace. This is mainly due to the fact that these people place greater stress on the tendons when they walk. Most people roll their feel inwards and force the lower leg to swivel internally, thus creating pressure on the calf muscles. As these calf muscles are attached to Achilles tendon, it is natural that achilles tendon gets overstretched and leads to inflammation. If people wear faulty shoes, it is natural that over-pronation will occur and result in the aggravation of the Achilles tendon.
Another cause of Achilles Tendonitis is changes in exercising schedule and footwear. The symptom of this medical disorder is widely found in runners who try to constantly enhance their mileage and indulge in strenuous hill training sessions.